It can be quite overwhelming when it comes to looking for the right diamond for your love. You’ve probably heard of the term ‘the 4Cs’ a lot but don’t really know what they mean. These are four headings that refer to colour, clarity, cut and carat.
When finding the perfect diamond it is all about striking a balance between all four to find the right diamond for you. Here we have a breakdown of what each of those terms means…
Did you know that diamonds don’t come out white?
White diamonds do exist but are actually the rarest of them all.
There is a colour scale that will indicate the colour of a diamond and it runs from D-Z. This is the accurate GIA (Gemological Institute of America) scale. The scale runs from D which represents the purest and colourless stones all the way to Z which are the most tinted.
DEF – Colourless
GHIJ – Near Colourless
KLM – Faint yellow
NOPQR – Very light yellow
STUVWXYZ – Light yellow
As diamonds are natural minerals, they will have natural markings on them from their environment in nature. These are known as ‘inclusions.’ It is rare that a diamond will be entirely flawless. The clarity of the diamond is determined by examining it under 10 times magnification as most inclusions cannot be seen by the naked eye. The higher the clarity of the diamond, the more valuable it is. Additionally, inclusions are more likely as the weight of the diamond increases. This means it is much harder and more expensive to maintain consistency in clarity on heavier diamonds.
Skill and craftsmanship determine the cut. Diamond cutters will often have to work from a larger raw stone in order for it to be cut into the shape desired.
How well the light performs in diamonds is determined by how well it is cut and which cut you go for. If the cut reaches near-perfect proportions, the light will reflect much better. We have a detailed rundown of all the popular diamond cuts on our website.
A popular myth is that the carat refers to the size of a diamond. This is actually only a representation of weight. Some styles will use lots of small diamonds so the carat will be determined by the weight of all the diamonds combined. The carat of the diamond is not to be confused with the carat system of gold material. The higher the carat will ultimately mean the heavier the diamond/ diamonds will be. This could either result in a bigger diamond or multiple small ones.
Here at The Vintage Jeweller, we will be more than happy to help you decide on what diamond will be best for you, do not hesitate to pop into our London jewellers or call us on 0800 689 5265